The Forecast for the Trucking Industry on the Road Ahead
With Covid-19 hitting and news of a trucking recession along with a truck driver shortage, how does the industry look? Before Covid hit, the trucking industry was in a gradual increase. Despite the Covid lockdown and stay-at-home orders the trucking industry as an essential business must roll on and provide the much-needed supplies for hospitals, businesses, and consumers.
The trucking industry lost more than 88,000 jobs in April 2020, a 5.8% drop from March. This was part of a record-setting 20.5 million job loss across the U.S., putting the nation’s overall unemployment rate at 14.7%. (Source: truckinginfo.com)
The ways to combat this shortage are as follows:
The use of apprentice programs like what US Special Delivery implements to get fresh blood into the industry by offering on-the-job training. The federal agencies and Advocate for Congress are looking to get young blood into the industry (18 to 21 years old) because nearly a third of the truck drivers are over the age of 55. (Source: Current Population Survey (CPS) 2018. U.S. Census Bureau and Bureau of Labor Statistics.)
Encouraging more women to join the trucking industry. Only 6.6% of the truck drivers are female according to the US Department of Labor. You may have seen some of our ads encouraging women drivers to join.
Another plus to encouraging women to join the trucking industry is that according to the ATRI’s Crash Detector Analysis, (Source: Boris, Caroline, and Dan Murray. “Predicting Truck Crash Involvement: 2018 Update.” American Transportation Research Institute. Arlington, VA. July 2018.) it was found that male drivers are 20% more likely to have accidents than female drivers.
In a recent survey of 24,000 truck drivers, more than 30% of the drivers quit in the first 2 months and 50% left in the first 6 months.
To have higher driver retention better policies and incentives need to be put in place. Some of the ideas implemented would have drivers home for the weekend, excellent benefits, health insurance, and dental plans. Have an open-door policy to communicate concerns easily with a good working relationship, and have transparency of the company in place. Clearly put the image on what the job will be like when you implement transparency in the company.
Include good incentives and higher pay to keep up with the industry standard. US Special Delivery listened to their employees to voice what they want and implemented them to make a better working environment. It is strongly encouraged for other companies to follow the same example.
According to the FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration) “Hours of service” refers to the maximum amount of time drivers are permitted to be on duty including driving time, and specifies the number and length of rest periods, to help ensure that drivers stay awake and alert. In general, all carriers and drivers operating commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) must comply with HOS regulations found in 49 CFR 395.
As of June 1st, 2020 changes and exceptions were made to the Hours-of-Service that impacts how everyone views transport issues. They are as follows:
- Short-Haul Exception: Expands the short-haul exception to 150 air-miles and allows a 14-hour work shift to take place as part of the exception.
- Adverse Driving Conditions Exception: Expands the driving window during adverse driving conditions by up to an additional 2 hours.
- 30-Minute Break Requirement: Requires break of at least 30 consecutive minutes after 8 cumulative hours of driving time (instead of on-duty time) and allows an on-duty/not driving period to qualify as the required break.
- Sleeper Berth Provision: Modifies the sleeper berth exception to allow a driver to meet the 10-hour minimum off-duty requirement by spending at least 7 hours of that period in the berth combined with a minimum off-duty period of at least 2 hours spent inside or outside the berth. Providing that the two periods total at least 10 hours. When used together as specified, neither qualify period counts against the 14-hour driving window.
For over 9 years HOS rules have been one of the top three transport issues listed among the trucking industry. To help the trucking industry and the federal guidelines there are pushes to add flexibility in the sleeper berth provision that would allow drivers to rest when tired and to adjust the driving schedules around the worst congestion chokepoints.
Another thing to work on is the implemented 30-Minute Rest Break Requirements. With a decrease in available places for drivers to pull over to rest they are forced to park where they are not allowed and an increase of flexibility in this time schedule will help combat this issue. Also, providing more rest areas strategically placed would help immensely.
Detention / Delay at Customer Facilities
Delays at customer facilities wreak havoc with the FMCSA guidelines of HOS rules forcing drivers to take breaks out of time and park in unauthorized or undesignated parking when they run out of time to reach designated places.
According to an ATRI’s study truck drivers reported a 27.4% increase in delays of over six hours between 2014 and 2018. (Speltz, Erin, and Daniel Murray. “Driver Detention Impacts on Safety and Productivity.” American Transportation Research Institute. Arlington, VA. August 2019)
Here are some ways to avoid detention/delay at customer facilities.
- Communicate with the customer to ensure that they are notified and ready upon the truck arrival making sure that forklifts and people are in place. If the truck driver is arriving early notify them of that.
- Make sure that the shipments are organized in a way for fast pickup or drop-off by placing them in line according to trucking schedules.
- Make sure the warehouse follows your guidelines on the requirements of time restraints of loading and unloading. Apply penalties if necessary.
- Allow enough time between appointments to allow loading and unloading of goods.
- Set lunch breaks at different time periods so that there is always someone on hand to help a truck driver.
Truck parking as mentioned earlier to help with the HOS guidelines has become an increasing problem and concern. The ability to map out routes with designated truck parking that follows the HOS rules is getting more difficult every day but it can still be done if mapped out properly.
Lobbying to increase flexibility of the HOS guidelines would help correct this along with providing a federal database of locations where truck drivers can stop to rest would help with planning routes.
To promote safety on the highway the government could expand the budget to provide the production of more rest areas to be created so that delivery and safety standards are met.
Transportation Infrastructure / Congestion / Funding
This is a chart of shipment orders from 1992 through 2020. The trucking recession started in late 2018 but it looks like in the past two months (not charted) that the recession has started ending.
The chief economist of the American Trucking Association said that the recession was likely over at the 2020 McLeod Software User Conference on September 30, 2020.
Costello was quoted saying…
“My point is the recession, in all likelihood — even though this group has not come out and officially declared it — the recession is likely over. The question then becomes, are we headed on a track where we don’t fall back into a double-dip? As of now, I think that’s the case. But what happens in the coming months will determine this. The more than a decade’s long economic expansion, the longest in U.S. history, ended not because of an economic crisis but because of a health crisis. And to fully get back to where we were, as an economy, we have to have some sort of health solution.”Bob Costello at the 2020 McLeod Software User Conference on September 30, 2020
“The health solution, he noted, is not only about a vaccine for COVID-19 — the virus that has led to more than 200,000 American deaths in 2020 — but also how the world finds a comprehensive solution to care for the sick. Once we get a worldwide health solution to this problem, we can start to get back in all facets to where we were in the economy.”Bob Costello at the 2020 McLeod Software User Conference on September 30, 2020
Truck Driver Shortage
According to the ATRI (American Transportation Research Institute), the driver shortage is at the top of the list for the last five years. The ATA (American Trucking Associations) stated there was a shortage of over 60,000 drivers in 2019 and is expected to have a shortage of over 100,000 drivers in the next five years.
Back in May of last year over 88,000 truck driving jobs were lost due to Covid. (Source: The Journal of Commerce, U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics Data) But things have been getting steadily better since the release of vaccinations, stimulus packages, and consumer demand. This will help us get over this trucking recession and get more drivers on the road.
But on the downside, the federal stimulus packages and increased unemployment benefits have left a lot of truck drivers to stay home because they make more staying at home than being on the road. The exception to the rule are the companies that pay well, have excellent benefits, and have their employees in mind first like here at US Special Delivery.
In order to combat truck driver shortage in the future, long-term solutions need to be in place to increase the retention of employees.
Truck Driver Demand
With the closing of truck driving schools due to Covid, an estimated 20% are still closed, this makes the demand for truck drivers even worse. That is why many companies like US Special Delivery have incorporated learning while on the job training to encourage more people to take up the profession since truck driving schools have been closing.
With a portion of truckers staying at home for unemployment because they can make more money that way and the closing of many truck driving schools has caused a large truck driver demand.
Future of Trucking, Trucking Industry Outlook, and Trucking Trends
There will be an increase in self-driving and electric semis. Connected services will be increasing as well, like driver monitoring for safety, predictive maintenance for fewer break downs, better workflows for optimized time, vehicle-to-infrastructure-based driving assistance, and over-the-air updates to help things run more smoothly.
1 in 3 businesses plans to invest in predictive maintenance over the next 12-24 months to cut costs and improve workflow according to Fleetowner Magazine.
Whether you like it or not the future of trucking is coming. The California city of Petaluma has become the first city in the nation to prohibit the building of new gas stations which is ushering in an era of electric vehicles.
With Tesla, VW, and Volvo creating electric trucks and the major auto suppliers providing more and more electric vehicles the trend has been set in place and is progressing because of the lower costs of the development process to make this happen.
That is the latest truck industry news from US Special Delivery. Feel free to share and link to this article if you feel it will help you out.
Article written by Michael Rock of The Internet Presence, LLC.